The infamous Nazi concentration camp at Dachau was liberated on Sunday, April 29, 1945 just one week before the end of World War II in Europe. Two divisions of the US Seventh Army, the 42nd Rainbow Division and the 45th Thunderbird Division, participated in the liberation, while the 20th Armored Division provided support.
The official report on the camp was prepared by the OSS (Office of Strategic Services) section of the Seventh Army and contains information on the history of the camp, its composition and organization as well as the groupings of the prisoners and information about the townspeople. The report also includes conclusions that were drawn from this terrible scene. I found the survey of internees at the time of liberation (Part 5, Page 65) to be quite interesting. The Foreword was written by Colonel William W. Quinn who was Acting Chief of Staff, G-2 (Intelligence and Security). Quinn would go on to be Director of the OSS and play a role in its change into the CIA. He died a highly decorated retired Lt. General.
I wasn't originally going to include this PDF document on the site due to its size, but because a number of the men from the unit were given copies of the report, including my father, I felt it was important to provide it for the families that may never have seen it. I have divided the report into five sections to permit easier downloads. These sections are still large. Please be patient.
Please note that within the pages of the report are a number of graphic images. Not for all audiences!!!!