827th Tank Destroyer Battalion (AA)

Unit History:  Activated on 20 April, 1942, at Camp Forrest, Tennessee.  One of several battalions with black enlisted personnel and largely white officers.  Reorganized as a towed battalion in June 1943.  Arrived in Seventh Army’s sector east of the Vosges at the height of the German Nordwind offensive in January, 1945, equipped with M18's.  Fought to eliminate the Colmar Pocket in late January and early February.  Transferred to Communications Zone for security duties in March and subsequently undertook other rear-area functions.  Attached to: 12th Armored Division; 79th Infantry Division.  History text from the book The Tank Killers by Harry Yeide.  Used by permission.

Combat Equipment: 12/44 - M18

Commanding Officers:  Capt. Francis McKane Oliver (1st CO), Lt Col. Frederick H. L. Ryder (5/13/42), Major Oliver (8/14/42), Major John W. Darrah Jr. (9/25/42), Lt Col. George B. Hudson (7/29/43), Lt Col. Herschel D. Baker (8/25/43), Lt Col. Phillip J. VanderZwiep (8/5/44), Major Luther L. Williard (3/23/45), Major Carl A. Fraser (7/15/45), Lt Col. Morton A. Rubin (11/13/45), Lt Col. Frederick W. Webbley (11/17/45) and Bertram Roberson Pratt

Code Name/s:  Coleman and Fizz

Campaign Credits:    Rhineland........................Sept. 15, 1944 to Mar. 21, 1945

                                 Ardennes-Alsace..............Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan 25, 1945

                                 Central Europe.................Mar. 22, to May 11, 1945

Awards:   None

Location August 1945:  Sarrebourg, France

Additional Information/Materials:

1.)  Photo Gallery

2.)  Unit Histories - from the National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

         1943......................................2 Pages

         Mar. 15, 1942 - Mar. 1944.......8 Pages (Includes personnel lists)

         Jan. 1-31, 1945.....................25 Pages (Includes casualties, award & officer roster)

         Feb. 1-28, 1945....................12 Pages (Includes casualties & commendation letter)

         Mar. 1-31, 1945....................13 Pages (Includes 1 award & officer roster)

         Apr. 1-30, 1945......................7 Pages (Includes officer roster)

         May 1-31, 1945.......................6 Pages (Includes 1 award & officer roster)

         June 1 - Oct. 31, 1945.............5 Pages (Includes awards & officer roster)

         Nov. 1-30, 1945....................12 Pages (Includes U.S. bound ship manifest)

3.)  Unit Journal - from the Nationa Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

             Jan 10-Feb 1, 1945......................................................21 Pages

4.)  Miscellaneous Documents - from the National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

            Officer Roster, Unknown date..........................................1 Page

         Battle Participation Credit, Feb 5, 1945............................ 1 Page

         Commendation Letter from XXI Corps, Feb 10, 1945.........1 Page

         Arms of the City of Colmar Letter, March 18, 1945............2 Pages

         General Orders 1 - 5, 1945.............................................5 Pages

         Various orders and notes, 1945.......................................7 Pages